The increasing technological complexity and knowledge intensity of production and competitiveness has focused attention to the important role of knowledge as a key resource in firms and organizations as well as to individual actors. The sources of knowledge, its generation, content and structure as well as how it is disseminated and utilized have thus become key concerns for organizations, firms and individuals. This growing importance of knowledge in development has elicited questions of equity and social impacts of intellectual property regimes on marginalized groups. There has been particularly fierce debate in the wake of advances in (agricultural) bio-technologies and the likely impacts of IPRs on the access to seeds, technologies and innovation by resource poor farmers. Our projects under this programme will focus on impacts of IPR regimes and knowledge appropriation strategies on marginalized communities (such as resource poor farmers), taking into considerations gender and social equity issues.